GOUJIAN: Sabole ea Khale ea China e Senyang Nako

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Bryan Hill 1

Lilemo tse mashome a mahlano tse fetileng, sabole e sa tloaelehang le e sa tloaelehang e fumanoe ka lebitleng la China. Leha a folile tse fetang lilemo tsa 2,000, sabole, e tsejoang e le Goujian, e ne e se na mofuta o mong oa mafome. Lehata le ile la tsoa mali ha setsebi sa thuto ea methapo ea maoto se ne se leka leoto la sona pheletsong ea sona, ho ne ho bonahala eka ha e amehe ha nako e ntse e tsamaea. Ntle le tšobotsi ena e makatsang, mosebetsi oa matsoho o ne o qaqisitsoe haholo bakeng sa sabole e entsoeng khale hakana e fetileng. Ho thoe e le letlotlo la mmuso naheng ea Chaena kajeno, sabole ke ea bohlokoa ho batho ba Machaena joalo ka King Arthur's Excalibur Bophirima.

In 1965, baepolli ba lintho tsa khale ba ne ba etsa lipatlisiso ho Setereke sa Hubei, lik'hilomithara tse 7 feela (4 limaele) ho tloha lithakong tsa Jinan, motse-moholo oa boemo ba khale ba Chu, ha ba fumana mabitla a khale a mashome a mahlano. Nakong ea ha ho epuoa mabitla, bafuputsi ba ile ba sibolla sabole ea Goujian mmoho le lintho tse ling tsa khale tse 2,000 XNUMX.

Ho sibolloa ha Goujian

Goujian sabole e bohale - Holylandvietnamstudies.com
Sabole ea Goujian e bohale kajeno joalo ka ha e ne e feta lilemo tse likete tse peli tse fetileng (Mohloli: Wikimedia Commons)

Ho latela moetapele oa sehlopha sa baitlami ba lintho tse epolotsoeng, o ile a fumanoa ka lebitleng, ka lebokoseng le haufi le skeleton. Sehlopha se ile sa makala ha sabole e tlisitsoeng hantle ea boronse e nang le scabard e tlosoa ka lebokoseng. Ha e sa hlakoloe, lehare le ile la senoloa hore le ne le sa ruteha leha le ne le patetsoe mongobo ka lilemo tse likete tse peli. Teko e entsoeng ke baepolli ba lintho tsa khale e bontšitse hore lehare le ka roba mokotla oa likotoana tse mashome a mabeli habonolo.

Lisabole tsa Jian

The Sabole ea Goujian ke e 'ngoe ea tse tsejoang pele Lisabole tsa Jian, sabole e otlolohileng habeli e sebelisitsoeng nakong ea ho qetela lilemo tse 2,500 China. Lisabole tsa Jian ke tse ling tsa mefuta ea khale ea sabole Chaena 'me li amana haufi le tšōmo ea China. Paleng ea Chaena, e tsejoa e le "Bonolo ba Libetsa”'Me e nkoa e le e' ngoe ea libetsa tse 'ne tse kholo, hammoho le lere, lerumo le moqapi.

Sabole ea Goujian - Holylandvietnamstudies.com
Sword of Goujian, Hubei Museum Museum (Mohloli: Wikimedia Commons)

Nakoana haholo ha e bapisoa le likarolo tse tšoanang tsa nalane, Sabole ea Gouijan ke sabole ea boronse ka mahloriso a mangata a Koporo, e etsa hore e be tse ngata haholo 'me e se ke ea senyeha. Methako e entsoe ka tin, e ba thatafalletsa le ho khona ho boloka bohale bo bohale. Ho boetse ho na le litefiso tse nyane tsa tšepe, etella pele le sebabole ka sabole, mme lipatlisiso li senotse karolo e phahameng ea sebabole le sulfide khaba, e fanang ka sabole boleng ba eona bo tlotsitsoeng. Li-etchings tse sootho tse ntšo li koahela mahlakore ka bobeli a lehare le buluu bo bofubelu bo bofubelu le turquoise e kenelletseng letsohong la sabole. Bokaholimo ba sabole bo tlangoa ke silika ha pommel e entsoe ka mekoloko e 11 e poteletseng. Sabole e lekanya 55.7 cm cm (21.9 a), ho kenyelletsa le 8.4 cm, (3.3 a) sebetsana hilt, hape o na le a 4.6 cm, (1.8 a) lehare le leholo. Ke e boima ba ligrama tse 875 (30.9) oz.

Sebete sa sabole ea Goujian - Holylandvietnamstudies.com
Turquoise e ka bonoa e kenelletse letsohong la sabole (Mohloli: Wikimedia Commons)

Ho phethela mongolo

Ka lehlakoreng le leng la lehare, likholomo tse peli tsa sengoloa li bonahala le litlhaku tse robelihaufi le seterata, e leng sengoloa sa khale sa China. Sengoloa se tsejoang ka "鸟 虫 文" (“''linonyana 'me libōkō sebapali ”) E tšoauoa ka mekhabiso e rarahaneng ho metsero e hlalosang, mme e fapaneng ka zhuan ho thata haholo ho e bala. Pele ho sekasekoa ho hlalositse batho ba tšeletseng ho batho bao ba robeli. Ba re, "“ 王 "(Morena oa Yue) le "自 作用 剑" ("entseng sabole ena bakeng sa (hae) ts'ebeliso ea motho ka mong"). Litlhaku tse peli tse setseng e kanna eaba ke Lebitso la morena.

Li-script tsa sabole tsa Goujian - Holylandvietnamstudies.com

Ho tloha tsoalong ea eona 510 BC ho timetsa ha eona matsohong a Chu in 334 BC, ho ile ha busa marena a robong Yue, ho kenyelletswa le Goujian, Lu Cheng, Bu Shou, 'me Zhu Gou, har'a ba bang. Ho tsebahala ha morena eo e neng e le sabole ho ile ha tsosa ngangisano ho litsebi tsa khale le setsebi sa puo ea China. Kamora likhoeli tse fetang tse peli, litsebi li ile tsa theha tumellano eo e neng e le ea pele mong'a ea sabole; e ne e Goujian (496 - 465 BC), ho etsa sabole ho potoloha Lilemo tsa 2,500.

Goujian King oa Yue - Holylandvietnamstudies.comGoujian e ne e le moemphera ea tummeng historing ea Chaena ea neng a busa holim'a Setereke sa Yue nakong ea Spring 'me Nako ea Autumn (771 - 476 BC). Ena e ne e le nako e tšoailoeng ke moferefere ka har'a Leloko la Zhou mme e nka lebitso la eona ho Spring 'me Li-Annals tsa Autumn, e tlalehileng nako ena. The Spring 'me Nako ea Autumn e ne e tumme ka ho ea sesoleng; likhohlano tsena li lebisitse ho hlatseng libetsa ho fihlela li loants'a ka mokhoa o makatsang ebile li bolaea, ho nkile lilemo hore li qale le ho tšoarella ka makholo a lilemo. Pale ea Goujian 'me Fuchai, King of Sebaka sa Wu, ho loanela ho ba hegemony ho tsebahala naheng eohle ea China. Leha Goujian's 'muso qalong e ile ea hloloa ke Naha ea Wu, Goujian o ne a tla lebisa lebotho la hae tlholong lilemo tse 10 hamorao.

Thepa e ikhethileng

Ntle le boleng ba eona ba nalane, litsebi tse ngata li kile tsa ipotsa hore na sabole ee e ka be e sa buna joang tikolohong e mongobo, ho feta moo lilemo tse 2,000, le kamoo mekhabiso e mebe e neng e betliloe sabole. The sabole ea Goujian e ntse e le bohale le kajeno joalo ka ha e ne e etselitsoe pele, 'me ha ho na letheba le leng la mafome le ka fumanehang' meleng kajeno.

Bafuputsi ba ile ba sekaseka likoti tsa khale tsa boronse ka tšepo ea ho fumana mokhoa oa ho etsa theknoloji e sebelisitsoeng ho etsa sabole. Ba fumane hore sabole e loants'oa ke oxidation ka lebaka la sebabole holim'a sabole. Sena, se kopantsoe le sekoti se matla-moeeng, se ile sa lumella sabole ea nalane hore e fumanoe maemong a joalo a pristine.

Liteko li boetse li bonts'a hore lisabole tsa Wu 'me Libaka tsa Yue ka China Boroa nakong ea Spring 'me Nako ea Autumn ba fihletse boemo bo phahameng ba tšepe e le hore ba khone ho kenyelletsa li-alloys-tsa kutu-tse ling mefuteng ea bona, li ba thusa ho phela lilemo tse se nang sekoli.

S sabole Senyehile

In 1994, e Sabole ea Goujian e ne e alimiloe ka hore e hlahisoe Singapore. Ha motho ea sebetsang a ntse a tlosa sabole lekhethong la eona qetellong ea pontsho, o ile a kokota sebetsa, a etsa leqheka le bolelele ba 7mm. Tšenyo e bakile moferefere China mme ha e sa hlola e lumelloa kantle ho naha hape. E se e bolokiloe ho Setsing sa pokello ea nalane ea Hubei.

References

+ “Sabole ea Goujian. ” HistoriaRex.com. http://historiarex.com/e/en/89-sword-of-goujian.
+ “Sabole ea Lisabole: Sabole ea Goujian. ” Tloaelo ea Chaena.
http://www.chinaculture.org/gb/en_curiosity/2004-06/23/content_47488.htm
+ Andrei, Mihai. “Sword of Goujian - E ne e sa senyeheloa ka mor'a lilemo tse 2700. ” Mahlale a ZME. La 21 Mphalane 2011.
+ Kalamidas, Thanos. “Lehata le Ileng la Senya Millennia. ” Gbtimes.com. La 17 Mmesa 2013.
http://gbtimes.com/life/blade-defeated-millennia

BAN TU THƯ
03 / 2020

lintlha:
1 Bryan Hill: Bryan o fumane lengolo la Bachelor of Art in History ho tsoa Univesithing ea Suffolk mme o na le semelo sa boithaopo ba boithaopo hape a sebetsa le lihlopha tsa bana ho Museum of Science le National Park Service. O tsamaile haholo ho pholletsa le United States le linaheng tse ling. Kamora ho nka semestara tse peli kantle ho naha ka Yunivesithi ea Mississippi, o ile a etela libaka tse ngata tsa lithako le libaka tsa piramite Mexico moo a ileng a ba le kananelo ea litso le setso sa khale. Ha a le moo, o ile a khetha le puo ea bobeli ea Sepanish. Hammoho le ho ba seithuti sa nalane ea nalane, Bryan ke setho sa Phi Alpha Theta National Honors Society. Nakong ea hae ea phomolo, Bryan o thabela ho ikoetlisa, ho bala ebile o thahasella bongaka le phepo e nepahetseng.
◊ Mohloli: Metsoalle ea Khale, Ho Boha Pheta-pheto ea Nako e Fetileng ea Botho: khale-origins.net
Litšoantšo tsa Bold le sepia li behiloe ke Ban Tu Thu - khaledna

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